Learn about the Hiring Process

Each employer has his or her hiring process. But here are four common steps. It is important for every job seeker to do well at each step.

1. The employer looks for the right people for their job opening.
Many start by looking at their own employees. They may ask for referrals from employees and others they know. This is called “networking.” You will learn more about networking later in this section.
Employers might consider hiring people that they have met or know in the industry.
Employers might advertise the job. They may advertise on websites or online job boards. 
Employers may work with a recruiter or agency. They may go to job fairs.
Employers also ask applicants to send resumes and cover letters to the company.  
2. The employer screens the applications.
Often times, there are many people who apply for one job. The employer removes the ones who aren't a good match. Some people may not have the right skills or experience. Or they don't do a good job describing how they are a good fit for the job. Then, the employer may call a candidate on the phone to ask them questions. Or they have people come in for an interview. Sometimes employers use computer programs that electronically screen applicants resumes for keywords associated with vacant positions and determine which applicants are candidates for interviews.
3. The employer sets up interviews with people who seem to fit their needs.
At the interview, the employer asks people about their skills and background. They are also looking to see if people will fit with their company. They look for things like a "can do" attitude. They look for people who can get along with others. They also want people who like to learn and work hard. This also gives the job seeker an opportunity to interview the employer. The job seeker wants to make sure that this job is a good fit.
4. The employer makes an offer to a selected candidate.
The employer chooses the person he or she wants to hire and offers that person the job. If they accept the job then it is time to discuss the salary and benefits. This is called "negotiation." This agreement has to benefit both parties. Sometimes the salary and benefits are not negotiable, but other things like the probation period and the work schedule are negotiable. A job seeker can walk away from an offer if it is not good for him or her.  

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